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1 de julho de 2011

Eu? Desinformada? Chorei.

“A Queima dos Sutiãs”- a fogueira que não aconteceu...

 

Womens Liberation buttonO episódio conhecido como Bra-Burning, ou A Queima dos Sutiãs, foi um evento de protesto com cerca de 400 ativistas do WLM (Women’s Liberation Movement) contra a realização do concurso de Miss America em 7 de setembro de 1968, em Atlantic City, no Atlantic City Convention Hall, logo após a Convenção Nacional dos Democratas. Na verdade, a ‘queima’, propriamente dita, nunca aconteceu. Mas a atitude foi incendiária. A escolha da americana mais bonitinha era tida como uma visão arbitrária da beleza e opressiva às mulheres, por causa de sua exploração comercial. Elas colocaram no chão do espaço, sutiãs, sapatos de salto alto, cílios postiços, sprays de laquê, maquiagens, revistas, espartilhos, cintas e outros “intrumentos de tortura” (v. Duffet, Judith. WLM vs. Miss America. Voice of the Women’s Liberation Moviment. October 1968, pg 4.). Aí alguém sugeriu que tocassem fogo, mas não aconteceu porque não houve permissão do lugar (que não era público) para isso. Também ninguém tirou seu sutiã. Essas lendas urbanas surgiram porque, ao dar ampla cobertura para o evento, a mídia o associou a outros movimentos, – como o da liberação sexual; dos jovens que queimaram seus cartões de segurança social em oposição à Guerra do Vietnã - e passou a chamá-lo de “bra-burning”, (queima de sutiãs), encorajados por ativistas como Robim Morgan (ex-estrela-mirim da rádio e TV, ativista, escritora, poeta e editora do “Sisterhood is Powerful e Ms. Magazine). Na sequencia, a manchete do New York Post saiu com o título “BraBurners and Miss America” (Queimadoras de Sutiãs e Miss América), que logo ficou associado às mulheres sem sutiãs. Desde então, a cultura popular ligou para sempre feministas e “queima de sutiãs” ( v. Germaine Greer, jornalista e escritora australiana, que declarou nos anos 60  “que o sutiã é uma invenção ridícula”, declaração que repercutiu  em muitas mulheres que questionavam o papel do sutiã como objeto anti-sexista da liberação feminina). Depois disso, aconteceram queimas de sutiãs em vários cantos do mundo. Mas o evento que gerou as manifestações e que ficou conhecido como Bras-Burning, foi o citado acima.


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..(sabe ler em inglês?)

No More Miss America! (1968-1969)


In 1968 and 1969 women's liberation staged demonstrations at the annual Miss America Beauty pageant held in Atlantic City, NJ. The 1968 protest shocked the country, creating a lot of publicity, and some myths, about the new movement. The 1969 protest was smaller and was largely ignored. The 1968 protest originated with New York Radical Women, one of the earliest women's liberation groups in the country. About 150 feminists from six cities joined them to show how all women were hurt by beauty competitions. They argued that the contest declared that the most important thing about a woman is how she looks by parading women around like cattle to show off their physical attributes. All women were made to believe they were inferior because they couldn't measure up to Miss America beauty standards. Women's liberation would "attack the male chauvinism, commercialization of beauty, racism and oppression of women symbolized by the Pageant." The Atlanta City convention center opens onto a vast boardwalk between it and the beach. The large expanse of boards easily seen from the entrance makes it a great place for demonstrations. Women's liberation took advantage of this to stage several guerilla theater actions. A live sheep was crowned Miss America. Objects of female oppression -- high heeled shoes, girdles, bras, curlers, tweezers -- were tossed into a Freedom Trash Can. A proposal to burn the can's contents was scuttled when the police said that a fire would pose a risk to the wooden boardwalk. Women sang songs that parodied the contest and the idea of selling women's bodies: "Ain't she sweet; making profits off her meat." A tall, Miss America puppet was auctioned off. Sixteen feminists bought tickets to the evening's entertainment. They smuggled in a banner reading WOMEN'S LIBERATION. Sitting in the front row of the balcony, they unfurled it as the outgoing Miss America made her farewell speech, while shouting "Freedom for Women," and "No More Miss America." The pageant continued as though nothing had happened. This action was quickly followed by the release of two stink bombs on the floor of the hall. All protestors were removed from the hall; five were arrested, but later released.
The outrageousness of challenging the Miss America icon brought the press out in droves, putting women's liberation on the front pages all over the country. From this, women learned that a new feminist movement was emerging and flocked to join. The 1968 demonstration also saddled women's liberation with the myth of bra burning. Forevermore the press would repeat that women burned their bras. They never remembered where this was supposed to have occurred, let alone that it never happened. Women's liberation invited even more women to "Don't Miss America" the next year. They planned more "actions, excitement, analysis, militance." But very little happened. In anticipation of disruption, on September 4, 1969 the Pageant got a court injunction prohibiting actions similar to the ones that took place in 1968, and some that were merely rumored but had neither been planned nor had happened. As soon as women's liberation marched onto the boardwalk the local police read them the riot act -- the injunction -- and threatened arrest if it was violated. An officer examined the protest signs to see if any had prohibited "offensive language." Afterwards, the women were kept on the beach side of police barricades, well away from the entrance to the hall. They marched and performed skits while members of the public gawked from the other side of the barricades. Lacking much else to do, the feminists went up to the women gawkers and engaged them in conversation about what was going on. The feminist button depicting a clenched fist inside the biological female symbol debuted at the 1969 protest. It quickly spread to become the women's liberation trademark. As originally designed, it was "menstrual red" on white, though it morphed into many colors and styles over the next few decades. 
 
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Post dedicado às nervosinhas ANÔNIMAS de plantão. Adoro comentarios anônimos, me dão um frisson, mas só posto os que tem coragem de mostrar a carinha..;-)

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